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Find me five papers about visceral fat and the connection to cancer published after 2000 and before 2020

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Here are five relevant papers published between 2000 and 2020 about the connection between visceral fat and cancer:

  1. Visceral adiposity in gastrointestinal and hepatic carcinogenesis (2013): This paper discusses the evidence linking visceral fat with the risk and progression of several gastrointestinal cancers including colorectal, oesophageal, pancreatic, and hepatocellular carcinomas. It highlights that excess visceral adipose tissue induces a state of chronic systemic inflammation and altered metabolic activity, promoting a pro-oncogenic environment (Vongsuvanh, George, Qiao, & van der Poorten, 2013).

  2. Low Visceral Fat Content is Associated with Poor Prognosis in a Database of 507 Upper Gastrointestinal Cancers (2015): This study investigates the relationship between visceral fat status and clinical outcomes in patients with upper gastrointestinal cancers treated by surgical resection. It found that higher visceral fat was correlated with various factors and that low visceral fat was associated with a poor prognosis, especially in elderly patients (Harada et al., 2015).

  3. Visceral fat accumulation as a risk factor for prostate cancer (2004): This paper reports a study comparing body fat distribution in prostate cancer cases with healthy controls. It found that patients with prostate cancer presented a significantly higher mean total abdominal fat area, particularly due to higher mean visceral fat area, suggesting a role for visceral obesity as a risk factor for prostate cancer (von Hafe, Pina, Perez, Tavares, & Barros, 2004).

  4. Visceral Obesity and Colorectal Cancer: Are We Missing the Boat with BMI? (2012): This study describes the effect of visceral obesity on colorectal cancer outcomes using CT imaging to measure visceral fat. It found that while BMI weakly correlated with visceral fat volume, categorizing based on visceral fat volume resulted in significant differences in survival for stage II and stage III colorectal cancer patients (Rickles et al., 2012).

  5. Visceral Obesity May Affect Oncologic Outcome in Patients with Colorectal Cancer (2008): This paper investigated the prognostic significance of visceral obesity and body mass index in resectable colorectal cancer patients. It found that increased visceral adiposity was a significant predictor of disease-free survival in these patients (Moon et al., 2008).

These studies provide substantial evidence linking visceral fat with various cancer types and outcomes, highlighting the importance of considering visceral adiposity in cancer prognosis and treatment.